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Environmental remote sensing plays a critical role in observing key hydrological components such as precipitation, soil moisture, evapotranspiration and total water storage on a global scale. As water security is one of the most critical issues in the world, satellite remote sensing techniques are of particular importance for emerging regions which have inadequate in-situ gauge observations. This book reviews multiple remote sensing observations, the application of remote sensing in hydrological modeling, data assimilation and hydrological capacity building in emerging regions.

•Presents an overview of the past, current and future remote sensing observations of the precipitation, soil moisture, evapotranspiration and total water storage

•Reviews the various applications of remote sensing in hydrological/land surface/climate modeling and Ensemble Square Root Filter (EnSRF) data assimilation

•Demonstrates techniques to help reduce devastating disasters triggered by hydrological hazards such as floods and landslides

•Explains how remote sensing, modeling and data assimilation can be utilized to improve societal resilience and environmental sustainability

•Shows how to create real-time flood and drought monitoring systems

Table of Contents

Satellite Remote Sensing Observations. Satellite Remote Sensing for Global Precipitation Monitoring. Diurnal Variability of Precipitation in West Africa Monsoon Region. ET Mapping Utilizing Remote Sensing Data. Soil Moisture Estimation Using Active and Passive Remote Sensing Techniques. Remote Sensing Streamflow Estimation via AMSR-E and TMI. Remote Sensing for Surface and Ground Water Observation. Total Water Storage Observed by GRACE. Modeling and Data Assimilation. The Coupled Routing and Excess Storage (CREST) Distributed Hydrological Mode. AMMAS Land Surface Model Intercomparison over West Africa. Multi-Sensor Imaging and Space-Ground Cross-Validation for 2010 Flood along Indus River, Pakistan. Hydroclimatology of Lake Victoria Region Using Hydrologic Model and Satellite Remote Sensing Data. Microwave Satellite Data for Hydrologic Modeling in an Ungauged Basin in Africa. Assimilating the Passive Microwave Streamflow Signals for Improving the Hydrological Predictions in Okavango River Basin, Africa. Statistical and Hydrologic Evaluation of Satellite Precipitation Products for Mountainous Basin. Capacity Building. Real Time Operation Hydrological Monitoring and Forecasting System for Local Decision Makers. Satellite Remote Sensing Drought Monitoring and Predictions Over the Globe. Capacity Building Efforts in Hydrological Modeling for Africa - Workshops about CREST Mode. Capacity Building for Pakistan Hydrometeorologic Hazards. Cloud-Based Cyber-Infrastructure for Disaster Monitoring sand Mitigation Mobile Device Apps for Empowering Citizen Scientists.

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