Water and Energy

Threats and Opportunities

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Author(s): Gustaf Olsson

Publication Date: 19/06/2012

Pages: 300

Binding: Hardback

ISBN13: 9781780400266

eISBN: 9781780400693

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Water and Energy – Threats and Opportunities creates awareness of the important coupling between water and energy. It shows how energy is used throughout water cycle operations and demonstrates how water is used and misused in all kinds of energy production and generation.

Population increase, climate change and increasing competition between food and fuel production create enormous pressures on both water and energy availability. Since there is no replacement for water, water security looks more crucial than energy security. This is true not only in developing countries but also in the most advanced countries. The western parts of the USA suffer from water scarcity that provides a real security threat.

The book does not aim to show “how to design” or to solve some of the very intricate conflicts between water and energy. Instead it systematically lists ideas, possibilities and a number of results. There are a few more technical chapters that act as entry points to more detailed technical literature.

Part One describes the water-energy nexus, conflicts and couplings between water, energy and food security.
Part Two captures how climate change, population increase and growing food demand impact water availability worldwide.
Part Three describes how energy production and conversion depend on water. Environmental consequences of oil and coal exploration and refining are huge around the world. Oil leak accidents have hit America, Africa, Europe and Asia. The competition between hydropower generation, flood control and water storage is illustrated. The importance of water for cooling thermal power plants is described, as tragically demonstrated at the Fukushima nuclear plants in 2011. Climate change further emphasizes the strong coupling between water availability and the operation of power plants.
Part Four analyses how water production and treatment depend on energy. A lot can be done to improve equipment, develop processes and apply advanced monitoring to save energy for water operations. Significant energy can be saved by better pumping, reduction of leakages, controlled aeration in biological wastewater treatment, efficient biogas production, and improved desalination processes.

The book is suitable for a wide and varied readership, from engineer to politician, from student to water/energy professional.

Gustaf Olsson

"Professor Olsson’s book, Water and Energy – Threats and Opportunities, the result of a meticulous multi-year effort, meets an important and growing need: to define and illuminate the critical linkage between water and energy. He explores the water-energy nexus in detail, and carefully discusses its many implications, including for food production and its connection to global climate change. He properly and repeatedly emphasizes the important message that water and energy issues must be addressed together if society is to make wise and efficient use of these critical resources. Given its comprehensive scope and careful scholarship, the book will serve as a valuable addition to the libraries of students, researchers, practitioners, and government officials at all levels." 
DR. ALLAN R. HOFFMAN, Senior Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC

"Water and Energy – Threats and Opportunities by Emeritus Professor Gustaf Olson is a milestone book in the efficient use of two important resources: water and energy. It is remarkable that due to increasing specialization among professionals in the different fields, water and energy are not optimized jointly. The production of energy requires water, while the supply of water services demands energy. Water and energy are the drivers for almost all economic activities, and are of such importance that they are at the origin of conflicts throughout the world." 
BLANCA JIMÉNEZ CISNEROS, Universidad Nacional autónoma de México

"Gustaf Olsson illustrates the inextricable linkage between water and energy, and demonstrates that an integrated and holistic approach, as well as a change of attitude, is necessary to solve the complex water and energy challenges we are facing. This book is full of enlightenment."
JINING CHEN, Executive Vice Chancellor and Professor, Tsinghua University, Beijing

"Gustaf Olsson persuasively demonstrates the need for a fundamental global change. In the world of yesterday, it was tried - rather unsuccessfully - to handle the water and energy challenges separately. In the world of tomorrow, we need to tackle the challenges simultaneously. The historical and comprehensive evidence of the book demonstrates that no comprehensive solution is found without cross-cutting and holistic thinking. I recommend policy makers, researchers as well as water and energy professionals to familiarise themselves with this true and convincing perspective of the water-energy nexus."
CARSTEN BJERG, CEO and Group President, GRUNDFOS, Denmark

"This book comes at the right time. Decreasing river flows …aquifer depletion …growing dependence from seawater desalination for cities in arid areas… these are warning signals that water and energy security are increasingly linked. From Bonn to Marseilles and Rio, in less than one year, governments, professionals, researchers and civil society are discussing these linkages in three big international conferences. Gustaf Olsson’s work is for them a reference, encompassing the complexity of the subject and providing a wealth of data. Because he has shared his career between energy and water management, Gustaf Olsson has a balanced and wide ranging perspective." 
JACQUES LABRE, Co-ordinator of Thematic Priority “Harmonize energy and water”, at the 6th World Water Forum (Marseilles, March 2012)

"In producing his latest book, Water and Energy, Professor Olsson has put together an extremely valuable compendium of vital information and insights into the highly crucial relationship between two essential in modern life – water and energy.  In so doing, Professor Olsson is providing the largely separate communities of both water professionals and energy professional with a foundation for jointly understanding, simplifying and in many cases demystifying the myriad of water and energy interfaces.  When one considers the significant carbon footprint of water production, use and treatment and the even more significant water footprint of energy production and use, the contribution of Professor Olsson’s book will be greatly appreciated in helping to illuminate the pathway ahead—a pathway that will lead us to conquer the essential challenge of making the use of water and energy both and jointly, an order of magnitude more efficient than today."
PAUL D. REITER, Executive Director, International Water Association

"…Our most sincere congratulations for this excellent piece of work. It is impressive; the amount of up-dated data, facts, statistics, ideas, relations among them, thoughts, examples, and case studies... everything fully integrated and justified, where you can not only find theory and technical aspects about the water-energy binomial, but also Gustaf Olsson’s openly expressed and sincere vision of the threats and opportunities to water and energy. The book provides a complete and integral view of the water and energy related problems, and moreover in a very pedagogical and intuitive way. Only somebody like Gustaf Olsson with his long experience and knowledge in this field, at local and global scale, and unquestionable prestige, could write such an interesting book."
DR. MANEL POCH and DR. IGNASI RODRIGUEZ-RODA, ICRA, Catalan Institute for Water Research, Girona; DR. QUIM COMAS, University of Girona, Catalonia

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