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Early applications of desalination were small-scale plants deploying a range of technologies. However with the technological developments in Reverse Osmosis, most new plants use this technology because it has a proven history of use and low energy and capital costs compared with other available desalination technologies.   This has led to the recent trend for larger seawater desalination plants in an effort to further reduce costs, and 1000 MLD seawater desalination plants are projected by 2020. 

Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis recognises that desalination by reverse osmosis has progressed significantly over the last decades and provides an up to date review of the state of the art for the reverse osmosis process.  It covers issues that arise from desalination operations, environmental issues and ideas for research that will bring further improvements in this technology. 

Efficient Desalination by Reverse Osmosis provides a complete guide to best practice from pre-treatment through to project delivery. 


Introduction: Desalination by Reverse Osmosis, Stewart Burn and Stephen Gray; The process of Reverse Osmosis, Maria D. Kennedy, Sergio G. Salinas-Rodriguez and Jan C. Schippers; Filtration Technologies for Pretreatment of Seawater Desalination based on Reverse Osmosis, Seung-Hyun Kim, Sangho Lee, Leonard D. Tijing and Ho Kyong Shon; Reverse Osmosis - Process, Design and Applications, Nikolay Voutchkov; Fouling in Reverse Osmosis, Brian Bolto, Thuy Tran and Manh Hoang; The energy efficiency of Reverse Osmosis, YuJung Chang (AECOM);  Reverse Osmosis beneficiation, Filicia Wicaksana, Anthony G. Fane, Tang Chuyang and Wang Rong;  Brine management, Peter Sanciolo and Stephen Gray;  Impacts of Seawater Desalination by Reverse Osmosis on the Marine Environment, Nurit Kress and Bella Galil; Charting the Future Course for Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membranes – Opportunities and Challenges, Steven Duranceau; Desalination – Reverse Osmosis v’s the rest, Winson C. L. Lay, Aik Num Puah and Harry Seah 

Editor(s): Stewart Burn, Visiting Scientist, CSIRO Manufacturing. Adjunct Professor, Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University. Adjunct Professor, Department of Civil, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, RMIT University.

and Stephen Gray, Director, Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University

Also available as part of your Water Inteligence Online subscription

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