Pharmaceutical Residues in Freshwater: Hazards and Policy Responses

Currency:

Standard price: £25.00

Available as an ebook

Please purchase via www.iwaponline.comOpens in new window

Also part of Water Intelligence Online Digital Reference Library

Standard ePrice: £25.00

+ VAT

Access ebook

Publication Date: 15/07/2020

Pages: 136

Binding: Paperback

ISBN13: 9781789061819

eISBN: 9781789061826

Download book flyer Print page

This report calls for a better understanding of the effects of pharmaceutical residues in the environment, greater international collaboration and accountability distribution, and policy actions to prevent and remedy emerging concerns. Laboratory and field tests show traces of oral contraceptives causing the feminisation of fish and amphibians, and residues of psychiatric drugs altering fish behaviour. Antimicrobial resistance, linked to the overuse of antibiotics, has rapidly escalated into a global health crisis. Unless adequate measures are taken to manage the risks, pharmaceutical residues will increasingly be released into the environment as ageing populations, advances in healthcare, and intensification of meat and fish production spur the demand for pharmaceuticals worldwide. The report outlines a collective, life‑cycle approach to managing pharmaceuticals in the environment. A policy mix of source‑directed, use‑orientated and end‑of‑pipe measures, involving several policy sectors, can help to improve health and protect the environment.

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

The latest from @IWApublishing

AQUA is relaunching as AQUA – Water Infrastructure, Ecosystems and Society! The new Editors-In-Chief are selectin… https://t.co/N5n20KJQFL 17 hours 39 min ago
The 32nd Editor's Choice Paper from Water Science & Technology has been chosen and is now Read the pa… https://t.co/JnxmG9uiv0 1 day 19 hours ago
RT : Rivers are commonly used to define political borders, but no global study has quantified the importance of rivers o… https://t.co/fdL4bmtNlG 1 day 22 hours ago