Effectiveness of Disinfecting Wastewater Treatment Plant Discharges: Case of chemical disinfection using performic acid


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Publication Date: 15/04/2021

Pages: 260

Binding: Paperback

ISBN13: 9781789062090

eISBN: 9781789062106

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Cultural aversion to microbes, healthiness or desire for safe bathing, the applications for water disinfection are varied and the technologies used to achieve this goal are numerous.

The authors looked at a simple solution to implement: the use of a reagent called performic acid. Consequently, more than two years of applied research, observations and analyzes were necessary to demonstrate its harmlessness towards the natural environment.

The strength of the demonstration lies in the cross-vision of many researchers and scientists from different backgrounds who shared their studies and observations. The strength of this testimony also lies in the diversity of the application cases, including notable and sensitive receiving environments as different as the Seine, the Atlantic Ocean or the Venice lagoon.

Through its intentions and results, this work is a step, moving forward the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly SDG 6 “clean water and sanitation” relying on the lever of SDG 17 “partnerships for the goals”.

Denis Penouel, Deputy CEO in charge of Prospective



General introduction

Section 1: Effectiveness of Chemical Disinfection at the Laboratory Scale

Chapter 1: Laboratory scale study of wastewater disinfection by means of PFA and the factors affecting its effectiveness

Chapter 2: Fecal bacteria regrowth and viability after disinfection with PFA

Chapter 3: Impact of PFA on organic matter and post-injection consequences

Chapter 4: The fate of micropollutants and byproduct formation during the disinfection of WWTP discharge by PFA

Section 2: Effectiveness of the Chemical Disinfection Process at Full Scale (Seine Valenton WWTP)

Chapter 1: Technical description of the industrial trials conducted at Seine Valenton WWTP

Chapter 2: In situ monitoring of fecal bacteria at the Seine Valenton WWTP using ALERT rapid microbiology instrumentation (Fluidion®)

Chapter 3: Effectiveness of PFA disinfection implemented at full scale (Seine Valenton WWTP)

Section 3: Assessment of the Eco-Toxicological Effects of Disinfection Processes on the Seine River

Chapter 1: Description of the biological models used to monitor water quality

Chapter 2: Biological models applied to the case of chemical disinfection using PFA

Section 4: Feedback from other Municipalities on the use of Chemical Disinfection with PFA

Chapter 1: Case of Biarritz (France)

Chapter 2: Case of Venice (Italy)

General conclusion


List of Figures

List of Tables

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