Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences the earth's ecosystem and thus people's livelihoods and well-being. Globally, 83% of all disasters have been caused by extreme weather and climate-related events, such as floods, storms, and heatwaves, over the past decade. Together, these disasters have killed more than 410,000 people and affected a staggering 1.7 billion people in different parts of the world. With a 50% increase in the global population and a 30% increase in the urban population from 2000 to 2050, the world will continue to face enormous challenges in most contexts. In many cases, poor people and developing countries are most likely to be affected.
The impacts of climate change will make the situation worse by creating extreme conditions with catastrophic outcomes. We may anticipate technological, economic, and sociological impacts resulting from climate change on water resources and processes.
There are numerous global, regional, and national initiatives to address the technical and socio-economic challenges associated with the impacts of climate change on water. The Water and Society project, involving four countries in Africa, three from Asia, and one from Europe (www.WaSoProject.org), is an example and has inspired this book, which presents some water management challenges in Asia and Africa resulting from climate change. Selected studies on changes in water quantities and their socio-economic impacts, as well as examples of abatement activities and their effects, illustrate the challenges involved, their status, and solutions.
In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the sector.
Editorial: Water management addressing societal and climate change challenges
H. Ratnaweera, T. Sætersdal , S. B. Weerakoon, F. M. Mutua
Assessment on the economic damage of trading households due to urban inundation
B. V. Hung, N. N. Diep
Modernization of the left bank irrigation system of the Kaudulla reservoir of Sri Lanka
W. D. M. Wijenayaka, S. B. Weerakoon, Francis Mutua
Analyzing the duration frequency and severity of drought using copula function in the Yazd city
Mehrtash EskandariPour, Shahrokh Soltaninia
Governance conundrum in pursuit of the human right to water and sanitation: tracking the progress of the leave-no-one-behind principle in Uganda
G. Z. Ahabwe, D. W. Batega, A. Ssewaya, C. B. Niwagaba
Future virtual water flows under climate and population change scenarios: focusing on its determinants
Niloofar Ashktorab, Mansour Zibaei
Exploring the village tank cascade systems (VTCSs) in Vavuniya district, Sri Lanka
A. Nanthakumaran, H. K. Kadupitiya, S. Devaisy, W. E. P. Athukorale
Investigating streamflow variability and hydroclimatic teleconnections: a comparison of regulated and unregulated streamflow stations
Tarun Pant, Abinesh Ganapathy, Ankit Agarwal
Hydrology: Advances in Theory and Practice, brings together contributions to both the theory and practice of hydrology, including chapters on (amongst other topics) flood estimation methods and...
The importance of small towns is gaining increased recognition as a result of two developments. The first development concerns the possible role of small towns in migration flows and urbanization...
This book focuses on mega-droughts of the past 20 years. Twelve cases from both developed and developing countries are elaborated in the book. Its intention is to draw lessons from the cases of...
This book is the product of a worldwide collaboration among UN water resources programs, prominent national water resources operating agencies and selected academic specialists. It deals directly...
This book presents a methodology for preparing scheduled desludging schemes in cities. Opening with a description of its definition and principles, this book outlines step by step the preparation...
Solar photo-voltaic (PV) and wind offer to bring both clean energy and clean water to remote regions and peri-urban areas in the world, outside the conventional electric grids. One out of seven...
Natural disasters, such as floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, and earthquakes, affect over 226 million people every year. The occurrence of these natural disasters has been increasing every year due to...
This report on Water Quality and Agriculture examines the linkages between agriculture and water quality. It discusses the overall trends and outlook for agriculture and water...