This book focuses on climate change and hydrological extremes, i.e. droughts and floods, which are globally important natural hazards with associated costly impacts on society and the environment. Floods and droughts result from the superposition of different processes at various space and time scales: physical processes in the atmosphere, catchments, the river systems, and anthropogenic activities. However, the characteristics of hydrological extremes have been altered due to climate change and variability, such that approaches for their detection, attribution, and the frequency of occurrence need to be revisited as they are no longer stationary processes. For more accurate estimation of hydrological extremes under nonstationary and uncertain conditions, there is a need for holistic assessments. Time–frequency analysis, hydrological modeling, physical-cause analysis, multivariate statistical analysis, and uncertainty analysis are powerful tools for detecting, attributing, and making frequency analysis of nonstationary hydrological extremes in a changing climate. Both nonstationarity and uncertainty of frequency analysis of extreme hydrological events should be integrated to reveal the possible operational alternatives to the assumption of stationarity in hydrological extremes frequency analysis.
In Focus – a book series that showcases the latest accomplishments in water research. Each book focuses on a specialist area with papers from top experts in the field. It aims to be a vehicle for in-depth understanding and inspire further conversations in the sector.
Editorial: Hydrological extremes in a changing environment: modeling and attribution analysis
Yanlai Zhou, Cosmo Ngongondo, Nils Roar Sælthun
Design flood estimation with varying record lengths in Norway under stationarity and nonstationarity scenarios
Lei Yan, Lihua Xiong, Gusong Ruan, Mengjie Zhang, Chong-Yu Xu
Decline in net primary productivity caused by severe droughts: evidence from the Pearl River basin in China
Yuliang Zhou, Ping Zhou
Copula-based modeling of hydraulic structures using a nonlinear reservoir model
Qiaofeng Tan, Yunze Mao, Xin Wen, Tian Jin, Ziyu Ding, Zhenni Wang
Hydro-environmental response to the inter-basin water resource development in the middle and lower Han River, China
Junhong Zhang, Liquan Guo, Tao Huang, Dongdong Zhang, Zhimin Deng, Linshuang Liu, Tao Yan
Probabilistic interval estimation of design floods under non-stationary conditions by an integrated approach
Yanlai Zhou, Shenglian Guo, Chong-Yu Xu, Lihua Xiong, Hua Chen, Cosmo Ngongondo, Lu Li
Propagation dynamics and causes of hydrological drought in response to meteorological drought at seasonal timescales
Lan Ma, Qiang Huang, Shengzhi Huang, Dengfeng Liu, Guoyong Leng, Lu Wang, Pei Li
Evaluation of a multisite weather generator on precipitation simulation in the Yangtze river basin
Yu Li, Xin-Min Zeng, Jiali Guo
Improving BP artificial neural network model to predict the SPI in arid regions: a case study in Northern Shaanxi, China
Li Shaoxuan, Xie Jiancang, Yang Xue, Xue Ruihua, Zhao Peiyuan
The case for investment in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has been convincingly made. WASH is essential for protecting public health, is a human right and investing in it is compelling from...
Safe drinking water and sanitation are very important for the survival of human life. With the rapid proliferation of industries, growth in population and different forms of pollution, i.e. in...
Frontier technology in water treatment and pollutant removal is needed not only for maximizing water reuse but also for the rapid detection of contaminants in the recycled water. The UN announced...
This book emphasizes the growing interest in the design and operation of large wastewater treatment plants throughout the past decades. The outstanding role of LWWTPs nowadays results from the...
Available as eBook only.
Communities are increasingly looking to green infrastructure as a means of meeting not only stormwater management objectives but multiple...
According to the International Disaster Database (EM-DAT), over the last seventy years, floods have shown the fastest rate of increase relative to any other type of disasters. Devastation due to...
Flood Risk: Planning, Design and Management of Flood Defence Infrastructure is the definitive practical handbook on design and maintenance of flood defences, providing a coherent...