Quantitative Methods to Assess Capacity of Water Treatment to Eliminate Micro-Organisms


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Author(s): Wim Hijnen

Publication Date: 16/12/2010

Pages: 290

Binding: Paperback

ISBN13: 9781843393764

eISBN: 9781780401614

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Ever since the recognition of the important role of water in the transmission of pathogenic micro-organisms in the 19th century, microbiological safety of drinking water has been a major research issue for microbiologists in the drinking water industry.

The main objective of this book is to develop a general strategy to assess elimination capacity of water treatment processes for pathogens.  It investigates:

  • The potential use of faecal indicators Coli44, (including E. Coli) and SSRC, (including C. perfringens) as process indicators to assess pathogen elimination in full-scale water treatment plants.
  • The value of comparative challenge tests with pre-cultured organisms for the assessment of elimination capacity of full-scale processes, to study the effect of process conditions and to validate the use of process indicators.
  • The use of literature data to assess elimination capacity of water treatment processes for pathogens and the effect of process conditions on this.


Microbiologically safe drinking water; Indicator bacteria concentrations in water treatment and assessment of elimination capacity; Enumeration of faecal indicator bacteria in large water volumes using on site membrane filtration to assess water treatment efficiency; Quantitative assessment of the removal of indicator bacteria in full-scale treatment plants; Spores of sulphite-reducing clostridia (SSRC) as surrogate for verification inactivation capacity of full-scale ozonation for Cryptosporidium; Inactivation credit of UV-radiation for viruses, bacteria and protozoan oocysts: a review; Elimination of viruses, bacteria and protozoan oocysts by slow sand filtration; Removal and fate of Cryptosporidium parvum, Clostridium perfringens  and  Stephanodiscus hamtzschii in slow sand filters; Transport of phage MS2,  Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Giardia intestinalis in a gravel and a sandy soil; General discussion

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Wim Hijnen

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