Cyanide Formation and Fate in Complex Effluents and its Relation to Water Quality Criteria

WERF Report (Project 98-HHE-5)


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Author(s): MC Kavanaugh

Publication Date: 01/01/2004

Pages: 276

Binding: Paperback

ISBN13: 9781843396321

eISBN: 9781780404073

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Cyanide occurs in many industrial and municipal wastewaters and is often an expected constituent of typical treatment plant wastewater streams. However, a growing number of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) across the USA have detected cyanide in cholorinated effluents at levels exceeding influent concentrations. 

Because water quality criteria and related discharge limits are typically low some of these WWTPs periodically exceed effluent cyanide standards. Potential causes include cyanide formation during wastewater cholrination processes, the presence of interferences that cause false negatives, and false positives caused by artifacts of sample handling or analytical techniques. 

The possible causes of the apparent cyanide formation phenomenon were investigated in this study.



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MC Kavanaugh

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