This is an eBook available to WIO subscribers only.

  • Demonstrates that the successful application of mainstream deammonification could save wastewater utilities operations costs for aeration and external carbon costs in the life cycle.
  • Indicates that in concept studies, implementation of short-cut nitrogen removal, including mainstream deammonification, can be retrofitted using existing infrastructure, often with minor modifications.
  • Keywords: Deammonification, mainstream deammonification, anammox ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, AOB, nitrite-oxidizing bacteria, NOB, cyclone, demonstrations, pilot tests, concept studies.

Maureen O’Shaughnessy

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